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航海英语听力与会话第三版问答题第4章
2016-05-16 11:23   审核人:

航海英语听力与会话第三版问答题第4章

第四章 装卸作业

四.口述

1. Describe the procedures of carrying dangerous cargo on board.

a) The acquisition of information about the dangerous cargo

b) Precaution on loading and discharging

c) Maintenance during the voyage.

The procedures of carrying dangerous cargo on board is as follows:

1.       The information of the dangerous cargo should be provided by the shipper. The information includes the followings:

(1)   Packing, classes and UN No.

(2)   Tons to be loaded

(3)   Country of production and country of destination

(4)   Notices on loading, care on board and discharging

2.       When loading and discharging the dangerous cargo, precautions should be taken for the safe operation.

While loading:

(1)   Check the correct technical names in documents and correct marks.

(2)   Check the proper use of handling gear

(3)   Check the carful and safe stowage

(4)   Check if cargo is carefully separated.

While discharging:

(1)   Take safety measures to discharge dangerous cargo

(2)   Check the proper use of handling gear

(3)   Check the complete unloading

During the voyage:

(1)   Check the hold ventilators

(2)   Check the hatch covers

(3)   Check the temperature in the hold

2. Describe the precautions before entering an enclosed space.

a)     The potential dangers in an enclosed space

b)     The normal procedures.

c)       The important precautions

There may be filled with dangerous gas in an enclosed space. The gas is liable to cause explosion or harmful to the persons entering it if he does not take safety measures.

The normal procedures for entering an enclosed space is first ventilate the space and put on protective clothing and breathing apparatus.

4. Describe the actions to be taken in case of an oil spill on board

a)     The initial responses

b)     The actions following up according to the SOPEP on board

c)       The precautions to be taken

In case of an oil spill on board, actions should be taken according to the SOPEP.

Send out oil spill signals to muster the oil clearance team to fight against the spillage.

Report the spillage to the local pollution control.

问答

1. How many classes of dangerous goods are there according to IMDG Code? Can you list some?

        Yes, I can .There are nine classes dangerous cargoes according to IMDG Code. For example, class 1-Explosive; class 2-Gases, calss-3 flammable liquid and so on.

2. What kind of cargo is classified as flammable cargo?

        Liquid or solid substances usually with low flash point or ignition point are classified as flammable cargo by IMDG Code.

3.Please describe the general nature of general cargo.

        Cargo with or without packings, except bulk cargo, are all called general cargo. Each lot of cargo should be specially stowed in cargo hold, noting and conscious of the type and properties, including weight, package and measurement of the cargo.

4. Please describe the general nature of bulk cargo.

        It usually refers to solid bulk cargo and liquid bulk cargo. They are homogeneous cargo without packings.

5. What kind of cargo is canvas sling suitable for lifting?

        Canvas sling is suitable for lifting bags of grain/rice/coffee, etc

6. What kind of cargo is chain sling suitable for lifting?

        Chain sling is suitable for lifting logs/iron/rails. etc.

7. What kind of cargo is net sling suitable for lifting?

        Net sling is suitable for lifting small packages and mail.

8. What does the abbreviation COW stand for?

        COW stands for crude oil washing.

9. What does “jettison of cargo” mean?

        jettison of cargo” means throwing overboard of goods in order to lighten the vessel or improve its stability in case of emergency.

10. What does “compatibility of goods” mean?

        COMPATIBILITY OF GOODS states whether different goods can be stowed together in one hold.

11. What does the abbreviation SWL stand for?

        SWL means Safe Working Load.

12. What does “shifting cargo” mean?

        It is the transverse movement of cargo especially bulk cargo caused by rolling or heavy list.

13. What does “union purchase” mean?

        It is a method of spotting derrick for cargo handling by combining two derricks work together, one of which is fixed over the hatch and the other is arranged over the ship side.

14. What preparation shall be done before loading cargo?

        Before loading, the holds must be so ventilated and swept ,clean ,dry and without odors as to meet the normal requirement and condition for the cargo to be loaded in and in every respects ready in ocean carriage

15. What is the loading capacity of your vessel?

        The loading capacity of my vessel is 8,000TEU

16. What cargo handling gear and equipment does your vessel have?

        My vessel has different kind of cargo handling gear and equipment such as Cargo slings, blocks, cargo securing equipment, derricks and heavy derrick, etc.

17. What can be used to remove spillage?

        Squeezer(刮), scoops(铲子), oil absorbent pads(油垫), sawdust and so on. can be used to remove spillage

18. What shall be ensured before entering the enclosed space?

        Make sure whether it is well ventilated and the contents of oxygen are enough to support life and no harmful to your health when entering.

19. Please list some cargo papers

        There are many cargo papers for ocean and domestic transportation such as cargo manifest, bill of lading, cargo plan etc.

20. What must you wear when you enter an enclosed space?

        I should put on a protecting clothing, a breathing apparatus, a helmet, working boots, lifeline.

 

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